Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic, recurrent skin condition that causes erythema and scaling, sometimes presenting as dry, white, or moist oily patches or patches. In adults, it commonly occurs in areas with high concentrations of sebaceous glands. Seborrheic dermatitis (Seb-o-Ree-ik) is a common skin condition that mainly affects the scalp. Causes scaly patches, red skin and persistent dandruff.
Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect fatty areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by scaly, red, or yellowish scales that resemble dandruff. Sometimes the scales can itch or even crust and ooze.
Seborrheic dermatitis affects people of all ages. It remains recurrent, that is,. However, it most often affects adults aged 30 to 60 years and infants younger than 3 months old. Seborrheic dermatitis can only be controlled, not cured.
With proper treatment, you can relieve symptoms and prevent complications. Seborrheic dermatitis in infants is commonly referred to as “cradle cap”, as it most often appears on the scalp. It can spread widely and cause rashes in the diaper area. Not to be confused with diaper rash.
Cradle cap usually resolves on its own without any treatment going away between six months and 1 year of age. The exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown. However, some scientists believe that genes and hormones may play a role in the origin of seborrheic dermatitis. A small fungus known as Malassezia furfur has been observed to contribute to the development of seborrheic dermatitis.
Since seborrheic dermatitis most often occurs in areas with abundant sebum production, it is believed that oily skin may be one of the factors leading to seborrheic dermatitis. Neither poor hygiene nor allergies cause seborrheic dermatitis. Although no particular food has been identified as a trigger for seborrheic dermatitis, some studies link certain foods to seborrheic dermatitis. Antifungal drugs such as ketoconazole have shown excellent results in the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.
If the rash does not go away with these products, you should consult your doctor immediately. There may be other skin conditions present, such as psoriasis, that can get worse without proper treatment. Avoid using steroid-containing products for local applications without talking to your doctor. Steroids come with their set of side effects; therefore, only your doctor can decide if they are appropriate for you.
It has been observed that seborrheic dermatitis becomes less severe in summer. Therefore, exposure to sunlight can help reduce the exacerbation of seborrheic dermatitis. Your doctor may also recommend phototherapy for seborrheic dermatitis. Eating fruits, especially citrus fruits such as oranges and bell peppers, may help you fight inflammation in seborrheic dermatitis.
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the upper layers of the skin, characterized by red, itchy skin that gives off scales. Seborrheic dermatitis can be an inherited condition. It is often aggravated by hormonal changes and cold weather conditions. Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin, and seborrheic means that it affects areas where there are sebaceous glands.
Seborrheic dermatitis of the melolabial fold characterized by pink erythema and fine scaling in a 68-year-old Caucasian male. If initial treatments don’t relieve your symptoms, your healthcare provider may refer you to a doctor who specializes in skin conditions (a dermatologist). The adult form of seborrheic dermatitis affects up to about five percent of the general population. However, in adults, seborrheic dermatitis usually follows a pattern of inflammation and clearance that can last for years.
An inflammatory reaction to excess Malassezia yeast, an organism that normally lives on the surface of the skin, is the likely cause of seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis (DS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized in immunocompetent adult patients by periods of exacerbation and remission. dandruff (also called “pityriasis capitis”) is a non-inflamed form of seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp. In adults and adolescents, treatment cannot cure seborrheic dermatitis, but it can remove flakes, reduce itching, and prevent infection.
However, rosaceiform dermatitis and demodicidosis similar to rosacea have been reported with its use, including for facial SD. If initial treatments don’t relieve your symptoms, your healthcare provider may recommend medicinal creams or refer you to a doctor who specializes in skin conditions (a dermatologist). In addition to the scalp, seborrheic dermatitis can occur on the sides of the nose, in and between the eyebrows, and in other oil-rich areas. Children of color often do not experience the classic cradle cap appearance of seborrheic dermatitis, but have erythema, peeling and hypopigmentation of affected areas and skin folds.